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Bibliography of Scatterometer Applications over Land and Ice

(Of necessity, this is only a partial list. We solicit suggestions for additional entries.)


Journal Papers (sorted by author)

Abdel-Messeh, M., and S. Quegan, Variability in ERS scatterometer measurements over land, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4),1767-1776, 2000.

Agnew, T., A. Lambe, and D. Long, Estimating Sea Ice Flux Across the Canadian Arctic Archipelago Using Enhanced AMSR-E, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol 113, C10011, 12 pgs, dio: 10.1029/2007JC004582, 2008.

Allen, J.R., and D.G. Long, Microwave Observations of Daily Antarctic Sea-Ice Edge Expansion and Contraction Rates, Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 54-58, 2006.

Anderson, H.S., and D.G. Long, Sea Ice Mapping Method for SeaWinds, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 647-657, 2005.

Ashcraft, I.S. and D.G. Long, Comparison of Methods for Melt Detection over Greenland using Active and Passive Microwave Measurements, International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 27, No. 12, pp. 2569-2488, 2006.

Ashcraft, I.S., and D.G. Long, Relating Microwave Backscatter Azimuth Modulation to Surface Properties of the Greenland Ice Sheet, <>Journal of Glaciology, Vol. 52, No. 177, pp. 257-266, 2006.

Ashcraft, I.S., and D.G. Long, Observation and Characterization of Radar Backscatter over Greenland, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp 237-246, 2005.

Bertoia, C., J. Falkingham, and F.Fetterer, Polar SAR data for operational sea ice mapping, in R. Kwok and C. Tsatsoulis (Eds.) Recent Advances in the Analysis of SAR Data of the Polar Oceans, Springer Verlag, 201-234, 1998.

Bingham, A.W., and M. R. Drinkwater, Recent change in the properties of the Antarctic ice sheet, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4), 1810-1820, 2000.

Brown, R., C. Derksen, L. Wang, Assessment of spring snow cover duration variability over northern Canada from satellite datasets. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 111, pp. 367-381, 2007.

Drinkwater, M. R., Active microwave remote sensing observations of Weddell Sea ice, in M. O. Jeffries (Ed.) Antarctic Sea Ice: Physical Processes, Interactions, and Variability, Antarctic Research Series, 74, 187-212, 1998.

Drinkwater, M. R., ERS-1 Radar and field-observed characteristics of autumn freeze-up in the Weddell Sea, J. Geophys. Res., 102(C6), 12593-12608, 1997.

Drinkwater, M. R., and C. C. Lin, Introduction to the special section on emerging scatterometer applications, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4), 1763-1764, 2000.

Drinkwater, M. R., and X. Liu, Seasonal to interannual variability in Antarctic sea-ice surface melt, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4), 1827-1842, 2000.

Drinkwater, M. R., D. G. Long, and D. S. Early, Enhanced resolution ERS-1 scatterometer imaging of Southern Ocean sea ice, ESA Journal, 17 (4), 307-322, 1993.

Drinkwater, M.R., D.G. Long, and A.W. Bingham, Greenland Snow Accumulation Estimates from Scatterometer Data, Journal of Geophysical Research, PARCA Special Issue, Vol. 106, No. D24, pp. 33935-33950, 2001.

Early, D. S., and D. G. Long, Azimuthal modulation of C-band scatterometer sigma(0) over Southern Ocean sea ice, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 35(5), 1201-1209, 1997.

Early, D. S., and D. G. Long, Image reconstruction and enhanced resolution imaging from irregular samples, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 39(2), 291-302, 2001.

Ezraty, R., and A. Cavanié, Construction and evaluation of 12.5 km grid NSCAT backscatter maps over Arctic sea ice, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 37(3), 1685-1697, 1999.

Forster, R.R., D.G. Long, K.C. Jezek, S.D. Drobot, and M.R. Anderson, The Onset of Arctic Sea-Ice Snowmelt as Detected with Passive- and Active-microwave Remote Sensing, Annals of Glaciology, Vol. 33, pp. 85-93, 2001.

Frison, P.-L., E. Mougin, L. Jarlan, M. A. Karam, and P. Hiernaux, Comparison of ERS wind-scatterometer and SSM/I data for Sahelian vegetation monitoring, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4), 1794-1803, 2000.

Frison, P.L., and E. Mougin, Monitoring global vegetation dynamics with ERS-1 wind scatterometer data, Int. J. Remote Sens., vol. 17, pp. 3201­3218, 1996.

Frolking, S., T. Milliman, K. McDonald, J. Kimball, M. Zhao, and M. Fahnestock, Evaluation of the SeaWinds scatterometer for regional monitoring of vegetation phenology, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 111, D17301, doi:10.1029/2005/JD006588, 2006.

Frolking, S., M. Fahnestock, T. Milliman, K. McDonald, and J. Kimball, Interannual variability in North American grassland biomass/productivity detected by SeaWinds scatterometer backscatter, Geophys. Res. Lett., vol 32, L21409, doi:10.1029/2005GL024230, 2005

Frolking, S., K. C. McDonald, J. S. Kimball, J. B. Way, R. Zimmermann, and S. W. Running, Using the space-borne NASA scatterometer (NSCAT) to determine the frozen and thawed seasons, J. Geophys. Res., 104(D22), 27895-27907, 1999.

Gohin, F., and A. Cavanié, A first try at identification of sea ice using the three beam scatterometer of ERS-1, Int. J. Remote Sens., 16, 2031-2054, 1995.

Gohin, F., A. Cavanié, and R. Ezraty, Evolution of the passive and active microwave signatures of a large sea ice feature during its 21/2-year drift through the Arctic Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 103 (C4), 8177-8189, 1998.

Grandell, J., J. A. Johannessen, and M. T. Hallikainen, Development of a synergestic sea ice retrieval method for the ERS-1 AMI wind scatterometer and SSM/I radiometer, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 37(2), 668-679,1999.

Haarpainter, J., R.T. Tonboe, D.G. Long and M. L. VanWoert, Automatic Detection and Validity of the Sea Ice Edge: An Application of Enhanced Resolution QuikScat/SeaWinds Data, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 42, No. 7, pp. 1433-1443, 2004.

Hardin, P.J., and M.W. Jackson, Investigating SeaWinds terrestrial backscatter: Equatorial savannas of South America, Photogramm. Eng. Remote Sens., vol. 69, pp. 1243­1254, 2003.

Howell, S.E.L., L.C. Brown, K.K. Kang, and C.R. Duguay (2009). Monitoring lake ice phenology variability on Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake, Northwest Territories, Canada, from SeaWinds/QuikSCAT: 2000-2006. Remote Sensing of Environment, Vol. 113, No. 4, 816-834, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2008.12.007

Howell, S.E.L., A. Tivy, J.J. Yackel, B.G.T. Else, and C.R. Duguay, Changing sea ice melt parameters in the Canadian Artic Archipelago: Implications for the future presence of multiyear ice, Journal of Geophysical Research Vol. 113, C09030, doi:10.1029/2008/JC004730, 2008.

Kennett, R. G., and F. K. Li, Seasat Over-land scatterometer data, part I: global overview of the Ku-band backscatter coefficients, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 27(5), 592-605, 1989 .

Kennett, R.G., and F.K. Li, Seasat Over-land scatterometer data, part II: selection of extended area land-target sites for the calibration of spaceborne scatterometers, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 27(5), 779-788, 1989.

Kimball, J.S., K.C. McDonald, A. C. Keyser, S. Frolking, and S. W. Running, Application of the NASA scatterometer (NSCAT) for determining the daily frozen and nonfrozen landscape of Alaska, Remote Sens. Environment, 75(1), 113-126, 2001.

Kunz, L.B., and D.G. Long, Melt Detection in Antarctic Ice-Shelves Using Spaceborne Scatterometers and Radiometers, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 44, No. 9, pp. 2461-2469, 2006.

Kunz, L.B, and D.G. Long, Calibrating SeaWinds and QuikSCAT Scatterometers Using Natural Land Targets, eoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 182-186, 2005.

Kwok R., G. F. Cunningham, and S. Yueh, Area balance of the Arctic Ocean perennial ice zone: October 1996 to April 1997, J. Geophys. Res., 104(C11), 25747-25759, 1999.

L. Li, P. Gaiser, M. Alberg, D.G. Long, and E.M. Twarog, WindSat Passive Microwave Polarimetric Signatures of Greenland Ice Sheet, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 46, No. 9, pp. 2622-2631, 2008.

Liu, A., Y. Zhao, and S.Y. Wu, Arctic sea ice drift from wavelet analysis of NSCAT and SSM/I data, J. Geophys. Res., 104(C5), 11529-11538, 1999.

Long, D.G., Jarom Ballantyne, and C. Bertoia, Is the Number of Icebergs Really Increasing? EOS, Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, Vol. 83, No. 42, pp 469 & 474, 15 Oct. 2002.

Long, D.G., M.R. Drinkwater, B. Holt, S. Saatchi, and C. Bertoia, Global Ice and Land Climate Studies Using Scatterometer Image Data, EOS, Transaction of the American Geophysical Union, Vol. 82, No. 43, pg. 503, 23 Oct. 2001. Includes EOS Electronic Supplement: http://www.agu.org/eos_elec/010126e.html

Long, D.G., and P. Hardin, Vegetation Studies of the Amazon Basin Using Enhanced Resolution Seasat Scatterometer Data IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 32(2), 449-460, 1994.

Long, D.G., P.J. Hardin, and P.T. Whiting, Resolution enhancement of spaceborne scatterometer data, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 32(3), 700-715, 1993.

Long, D.G., and M.R. Drinkwater, Greenland ice sheet surface properties observed by the Seasat-A Scatterometer at enhanced resolution, J. Glaciology, 40, 135, 213-230, 1994.

Long, D.G., and M.R. Drinkwater, Cryosphere applications of NSCAT data, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 37(3), 1671-1684, 1999.

Long, D.G., and M.R. Drinkwater, Azimuth variation in microwave scatterometer and radiometer data over Antarctica, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4), 1857-1870, 2000.

Long, D.G., and G.B. Skouson, Calibration of spaceborne scatterometers using tropical rainforests, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 34(2), 413-424, 1995.

Magagi, R.D., and Y.H. Kerr, Retrieval of soil moisture and vegetation characteristics by use of ERS-1 wind scatterometer over arid and semi-arid areas, J. Hydrol., vol. 188 ­ 189, pp. 361­384, 1997.

Meier, W.N., and J. Stroeve, Comparison of sea-ice extent and ice-edge location estimates from passive microwaev and enhanced-enhanced resolution scatterometer data, Annals of Glaciology, Vol. 408, pp. 65-70, 2008.

Offiler, D., The calibration of ERS-1 satellite scatterometer winds, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 11(4), 1002-1017, 1994.

M.P. Owen and D.G. Long, Land Contamination Compensation for QuikSCAT Near-Coastal Wind Retrieval, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 47, No 3, pp. 839-850, 2009.

Remund, Q., and D. G. Long, Sea-ice extent mapping using Ku-band scatterometer data, J. Geophys. Res., 104(C4), 11,515-11,527, 1999.

Remund, Q. P., D. G. Long, and M. R. Drinkwater, An iterative approach to multisensor sea ice classification, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4), 1843-1856, 2000.

Remund, Q.P., and D.G. Long, Large-scale Inverse Ku-band Backscatter Modeling of Sea Ice, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 41, No. 8, pp. 1821-1832, 2003.

Remy, F., Ledroit, and J. F. Minster, Katabatic wind intensity and direction over Antarctica derived from scatterometer data, Geophys. Res. Let., 19, 1021-1024, 1992.

Schmullius, C. C., Monitoring Siberian forests and agriculture with the ERS-1 windscatterometer, Scatterometer IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 35(5), 1997.

Spencer, M.W., W-Y Tsai, and D.G. Long, High Resolution Measurements with a Spaceborne Pencil-Beam Scatterometer Using Combined Range/Doppler Discrimination Techniques, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 41, No. 3, pp. 567-581, 2003.

Spencer, M.W., C. Wu, and D.G. Long, Improved Resolution Backscatter Measurements with the SeaWinds Pencil-Beam Scatterometer IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(1), 89-104, 2000.

H. Stephen and D.G. Long, Spatial and Temporal Behavior of Microwave Backscatter Directional Modulation Over the Saharan Ergs, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 45, No. 5, pp. 1164-1173, 2007.

Stephen, H., and D.G. Long, Microwave Backscatter Modeling of Erg Surfaces in the Sahara Desert, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 43, No. 2, pp. 238-247, 2005.

Swift, C. T., Seasat scatterometer observations of sea ice, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 37(2), 716-723, 1999.

Tsai, W., J. E. Graf, C. Winn, J. N. Huddleston, S. Dunbar, M. H. Freilich, F. J. Wentz , D. G. Long, and W. L. Jones, Postlaunch sensor verification and calibration of the NASA Scatterometer, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 37(3), 1517-1542, 1999.

Wagner, W., G. Lemoine, and H. Rott, A method for estimating soil moisture from ERS scatterometer and soil data, Remote Sens. Environment, 70(2), 191-207, 1999A.

Wagner, W., G. Lemoine, M. Borgeaud, and H. Rott., A study of vegetation cover effects on ERS scatterometer data, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 37(2), 938-948, 1999B.

Wagner, W., and K. Scipal, Variability in ERS scatterometer measurements over land, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4), 1777-1782, 2000.

Wagner, W., and K. Scipal, Large-Scale Soil Moisture Mapping in Western Africa using the ERS Scatterometer, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 1777-1783, 2000.

Wang, L., M. Sharp, B. Rivard, and K. Steffen, Melt season duration and ice layer formation on the Greenland ice sheet, 2000-2004, Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 112, F04013, doi:10.1029/2007JF000760, 2007.

Winebrenner, D. P., D. G. Long, and B. Holt, Mapping the progression of melt onset and freeze-up using SAR and scatterometery, in R. Kwok and C. Tsatsoulis (Eds.) Recent Advances in the Analysis of SAR Data of the Polar Oceans, Springer Verlag, 128-144, 1998.

Wismann, V., Monitoring of seasonal snowmelt in Greenland with ERS scatterometer data, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4), 1821-1826, 2000A.

Wismann, V., Monitoring of seasonal thawing in Siberia with ERS scatterometer data, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4),1804-1809, 2000B.

Woodhouse, I. H., and D. H. Hoekman, A model-based determination of soil moisture trends in Spain with the ERS scatterometer, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(4), 1783-1793, 2000A.

Woodhouse, I. H., and D. H. Hoekman, Determining land-surface parameters from the ERS wind scatterometer, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 38(1), 126-140, 2000B.

Yueh, S. H., and R. Kwok, Arctic sea ice extent and melt onset from NSCAT observations, Geophys. Res. Letters, 25(23), 4369-4372, 1998.

Zec, J., W .L. Jones, and D.G. Long, NSCAT Normalized Radar Backscattering Coefficient Biases Using Homogenous Land Targets, J. Geophys. Res., 184, C5, 11557-11568, 1999.

Zhao, Y., A.K. Liu, and D.G. Long, Calibration of Sea Ice Motion from QuikSCAT with Those from SSM/I and Buoy, IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens., 40(6),1241-1246, 2002.

 

Selected Conference Papers (sorted by year)

L. Kunz and D.G. Long, Melt Detection in Antarctic Ice-Sheets Using Spaceborne Scatterometers and Radiometers, Proceedings of the Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Anchorage, Alaska, 20-24 Sept. 2004.

H. Stephen and D.G. Long, Analysis of Scatterometer Observations of Saharan Ergs Using a Simple Rough Facet Model, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Anchorage, Alaska, 20-24 Sept. 2004.

D.G. Long, I.S. Ashcraft, and J.B. Luke, Radar Scatterometer Observations of Sastrugi on the Great Ice Sheets, in Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 5151 Earth Observing Systems VIII, William L. Barnes, Editor, (SPIE, Bellingham, WA) pp. 85-93, Aug. 2003.

I.S. Ashcraft and D.G. Long, The Spatial Response Function of SeaWinds Backscatter Measurements, in Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 5151 Earth Observing Systems VIII, William L. Barnes, Editor, (SPIE, Bellingham, WA) pp. 609-618, Aug. 2003.

H. Stephen and D.G. Long, Surface Statistics of Saharan Sand Dunes Derived from Scatterometer Measurements, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1549-1551, Toulouse, France, 21-25 July 2003.

I.S. Ashcraft and D.G. Long, Increasing Temporal Resolution in Greenland Ablation Estimation Using Passive and Active Microwave Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1604-1606, Toulouse, France, 21-25 July 2003.

I.S. Ashcraft and D.G. Long, Relating Microwave Backscatter Azimuth Modulation to Surface Properties of the Greenland Ice Sheet, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1610-1612, Toulouse, France, 21-25 July 2003.

H.S. Anderson and D.G. Long, Polar Sea Ice Mapping Using SeaWinds Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 71-73, Toulouse, France, 21-25 July 2003.

D.G. Long, M. Drinkwater and B. Holt, The Scatterometer Climate Record Pathfinder, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1509-1511, Toronto, Canada, 24-28 June 2002.

H. Stephen and D.G. Long, Multi-spectral Analysis of the Amazon Basin using SeaWinds, ERS, Seasat Scatterometers, TRMM-PR and SSM/I, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1780-1782, Toronto, Canada, 24-28 June 2002.

D.G. Long and I.S. Ashcraft, SeaWinds Applications for Land and Ice Studies, in Earth Observing Systems IV, William L. Barnes, Editor, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 4483, pp., 29 July -- 3 Aug 2001.

I.S. Ashcraft and D.G. Long, SeaWinds Studies of Greenland, in Earth Observing Systems IV, William L. Barnes, Editor, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 4483, pp., 29 July -- 3 Aug. 2001.

I.S. Ashcraft and D.G. Long, Multi-Annual Changes in Microwave Backscatter over the Greenland Ice Sheet, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 958-960, Sydney, Australia, 9-13 July 2001.

I.S. Ashcraft and D.G. Long, Azimuth Variation in Microwave Backscatter over the Greenland Icesheet, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1779-1781, Sydney, Australia, 9-13 July 2001.

D.W. Draper and D.G. Long, An Advanced Point-wise Ambiguity Selection Algorithm: Application to SeaWinds, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 2190-2192, Sydney, Australia, 9-13 July 2001.

Q.P. Remund and D.G. Long, Iterative Estimation of Antarctic Sea Ice Extent Using Seawinds Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 491-493, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, 24-28 July 2000.

Q.P. Remund and D.G. Long, Large-Scale Inverse Modeling of Microwave Backscatter from Sea Ice, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 494-496, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, 24-28 July 2000.

L. Jones, R. Merhershahi, J. Zec, and D.G. Long, SeaWinds on QuikScat Radiometric Measurements and Calibration, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1027-1029, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, 24-28 July 2000.

J. Zec, L. Jones, and D.G. Long, SeaWinds Beam and Slice Balance using data over Amazonian Rainforest, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 2215-2217, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, 24-28 July 2000.

I.S. Ashcraft and D.G. Long, SeaWinds Views Greenland, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1131-1133, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, 24-28 July 2000.

D.G. Long, and M.A. Drinkwater, Microwave Wind Direction Retrieval Over Antarctica, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1137-1139, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, 24-28 July 2000.

D.G. Long, Land and Ice Applications of SeaWinds Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp.1220-1222, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, 24-28 July 2000.

H. Stephen and D.G. Long, Study of Iceberg B10A Using Scatterometer Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1340-1342, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, 24-28 July 2000.

H. Stephen, D.G. Long, and P.J. Hardin, Vegetation Study of Amazon using QSCAT in Comparison with SASS, ESCAT, and NSCAT Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 429-431, Hilton Hawaiian Village, Honolulu, Hawaii, 24-28 July 2000.

R.R. Forster, D.G. Long, K.C. Jezek, L.C. Smith, and D.E. Alsdorf, The Onset of Arctic Sea-Ice Melt as Detected with Passive and Active Microwave Remote Sensing, IGS, 2000.

Q.P. Remund and D.G. Long, Validation of the SIRF Resolution Enhancement Algorithm for Scatterometer Data Using SAR Imagery, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1309-1311, Hamburg, Germany, 28 June - 2 July, 1999.

Q.P. Remund, D.G. Long, and M.R. Drinkwater, Multisensor Microwave Sea-Ice Classification, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1050-1052, Hamburg, Germany, 28 June - 2 July, 1999.

G. Watt, P. Hardin, and D.G. Long, Vegetation Classification Using Seasonal Variations at C- and Ku-band, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 782-784, Hamburg, Germany, 28 June - 2 July, 1999.

M.W. Spencer and D.G. Long, Characterization of Global Near-Nadir Backscatter for Remote Sensing Radar Design, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 440-442, Hamburg, Germany, 28 June - 2 July, 1999.

I.S. Ashcraft, D.G. Long, A. Anderson, S. Richards, M. Spencer, and B. Jones, Sigma-0 Retrieval from SeaWinds on QuikScat, in Earth Observing Systems IV, William L. Barnes, Editor, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 3750, pp. 171-178, Denver, Colorado, 19-20 July 1999.

P.J. Hardin, K.D. Hansen, N.A. Currit, and D.G. Long, Monitoring Bering Sea Ice Change Using Reconstructed NSCAT Imagery, in Earth Observing Systems IV, William L. Barnes, Editor, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 3750, pp. 536-544, Denver, Colorado, 19-20 July 1999.

D.G. Long, G. Watt, and P.J. Hardin, Vegetation Classification Using Seasonal Variations in Sigma-0, in Earth Observing Systems IV, William L. Barnes, Editor, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 3750, pp. 545-556, Denver, Colorado, 19-20 July 1999.

P.J. Hardin, T. Wyllie-Echerverria, S. Wyllie-Echerverria, N. Curritt, D.G. Long, and R. Stehn, First Steps to Yukon Delta Biophysical Modeling: Monitoring Sea Ice Change Using Reconstructed NSCAT Data, Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, pp. II-206-II-213, San Diego, California, 5-7 Oct. 1998.

H. Stephen and R. Schumann, ERS Windscatterometer: Operational Use for Monitoring Global Deserts, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Seattle, Washington, 6-10 July, 1998.

W. Wagner and G. Lemoine, Land Cover Effects on ERS Scatterometer Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1574-1576, Seattle, Washington, 6-10 July, 1998.

D.S. Early and D.G. Long, Scatterometer Resolution Enhancement, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1970-1972, Seattle, Washington, 6-10 July, 1998.

D.G. Long, Comparison of TRMM and NSCAT Observations of Surface Backscatter Over the Amazon Rainforest, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1879-1881, Seattle, Washington, 6-10 July, 1998.

D.G. Long, NSCAT Views Land and Ice, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1973-1975, Seattle, Washington, 6-10 July, 1998.

Q.P. Remund, D.G. Long and M.R. Drinkwater, Polar Sea-Ice Classification Using Enhanced Resolution NSCAT Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1976-1978, Seattle, Washington, 6-10 July, 1998.

Q.P. Remund and D.G. Long, Sea Ice Mapping Algorithm for QuikSCAT and Seawinds, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1686-1688, Seattle, Washington, 6-10 July, 1998.

M.R. Drinkwater and D.G. Long, Seasat, ERS-1/2 and NSCAT Scatterometer Observed Changes on the Large Ice Sheets, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 2252-2254, Seattle, Washington, 6-10 July, 1998.

G. Watt and D.G. Long, Seasonal Comparison of C-Band and Ku-Band Backscatter Coefficients over Vegetation Regions, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1979-1981, Seattle, Washington, 6-10 July, 1998.

M.W. Spencer, C. Wu, and D.G. Long, High Resolution Surface Backscatter Measurements with the SeaWinds Pencil-Beam Scatterometer, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1991-1993, Seattle, Washington, 6-10 July, 1998.

K. Boehnke and V. Wissman, Thawing processes during Siberian spring ovserved by ERS scatterometer and SAR, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1826-1828, Singapore, 4-8 August, 1997.

J. Pulliainen, N. Walkder, T. Manninen, M. Hallikainen, and J. Grandell, Land applications of ERS-1 wind scatterometer in Boreal forest zone, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1826-1828, Singapore, 4-8 August, 1997.

P-L frisom and E. Mougin, Observations and simulations of the ERS wind scatterometer Response over a Saheilan region, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1832-1834, Singapore, 4-8 August, 1997.

P.J. Hardin, D. G. Long and R. R. Jensen, Characterizing Earth's Surface Using Moderate Resolution 14 GHz Scatterometer Imagery: Early Results from NSCAT Reconstruction, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1835-1837, Singapore, 4-8 August, 1997.

C.F. Emmett, R. R. Jensen, P.J. Hardin and D. G. Long, Detecting Change in Equatorial Regions of Brazil Using Medium Resolution Satellite Imagery, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1557-1559, Singapore, 4-8 August, 1997.

P.J. Hardin, D. G. Long and R. R. Jensen, Reconstructed Imagery for Equatorial Monitoring: Combining AVHRR with Reconstructed NSCAT, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1563-1565, Singapore, 4-8 August, 1997.

D.S. Early and D. G. Long, Enhanced Resolution Imaging from Irregular Samples, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1844-1846, Singapore, 4-8 August, 1997.

D.S. Early and D. G. Long, Ice Classification in the Southern Ocean Using ERS-1 Scatterometer Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1838-1840, Singapore, 4-8 August, 1997.

Q.P. Remund and D. G. Long, Automated Antarctic Ice Edge Detection Using NSCAT Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1841-1843, Singapore, 4-8 August, 1997.

D. G. Long and D.E. Early, Enhanced Resolution Scatterometer Imaging with Irregular Samples, Proceedings of the SPIE 3170, San Diego, California, 27 July - 1 August, 1997.

P. J. Hardin and D. G. Long, Integrating Reconstructed Imagery for Tropical Forest Inventory, Proceedings of the SPIE 3119, San Diego, California, 27 July - 1 August, 1997.

P. J. Hardin and D. G. Long, Characterization of Global Vegetation Using Reconstructed NSCAT Imagery, Proceedings of the SPIE 3119, San Diego, California, 27 July - 1 August, 1997.

Q. P. Remund and D. G. Long, Antarctic Ice Edge Detection Using NSCAT Data in Earth Observing Systems II, William L. Barnes, Editor, Proceedings of SPIE Vol. 3117, pp. 72-80, San Diego, California, 27 July - 1 August, 1997.

N. Young, D. Hall, and G. Hyland, Directional anisotropy of C-band backscatter and orientation of surface microrelief in east Antarctica, in Proceedings of the First Australian ERS Symposium, 11-126, 1996.

D. S. Early and D. G. Long, Error Characteristics of the SIR Resolution Enhancement Algorithm, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 124-126, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

C. J. Wilson and D. G. Long, Analysis of the Canadian Boreal Forest using Enhanced Resolution ERS-1 Scatterometer Imagery, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 218-220, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

P.L. Frison and E. Mouginl, Monitoring Arid and Semi-Arid Regions with ERS-1 Wind Scatterometer Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

J. Pullianinen, N. Walker, T. Manninen, M. Hallikainen and J. Grandell, Land Applications of ERS-1 Wind Scatterometer in Boreal Forest Zone, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 583-585, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

P. J. Hardin, D. G. Long, and Q. P. Remund, Discrminination of Africa's Vegetation Using Reconstructed ERS-1 Imagery, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 827-829, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

C. Schmullius,V. Wismann and K. Boehnke, Monitoring Boreal Ecosystems in Sibria with the ERS-1 Windscatterometer, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

M. Dechambre and M. Bourdeau, Forest Classification by Means of Pattern Recognition Method Applied to Scatterometer Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 833-835, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

V.R. Wismann and K. Boehnke, Can the ERS-1 Scatterometer Be Used to Forecast the Inundation Extent in the Pantanal Wetland?, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 839-841, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

I.H. Woodhouse and D.H. Hoekman, Tropical Forest Monitoring Using Data From ERS-1 Wind Scatterometer, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 845-847, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

P. J. Hardin, D. G. Long, Q. P. Remund, and D. R. Daum, A Comparison of Reconstructed Ku-band Scatterometry, C-Band Scatterometry, and SSM/I Imagery for Tropical Vegetation Classification, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 848-850, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

S.H. Yueh, R. Kowk, S.H. Lou and W.Y. Tsai, Sea Ice Identification Using Dual-Polarized Ku-Band Scatterometer Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 935-937, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

S.M. Alhumaidi, S.M., W.L. Jones, J.D. Park, S. Ferguson and M.H. Thursby, A Neural Network Sea Ice Edge Classifier for the NASA Scatterometer, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 1526-1528, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

K. Boehnke and V.R. Wismann, Thawing of Soils in Siberia Observed by the ERS-1 Scatterometer Between 1992 and 1995, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 2264-2266, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

V.R. Wismann and K. Boehnke, Dramatic Decrease in Radar Cross Section over Greenland Observed by the ERS-1 Scatterometer Between 1991 and 1995, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 2014-2016, Lincoln, Nebraska, 27-31 May, 1996.

D. G. Long, Recent Results in Applying Scatterometer Data to the Study of Polar Ice in Antarctica, Proceedings of the 1995 ADEOS/NSCAT Science Working Team Meeting, pp. 740-751, Miyako Hotel, Kyoto, Japan, Nov. 29-Dec. 1, 1995

M. R. Drinkwater, D. G. Long, and D. S. Early, Comparison of Variations in Seasonal Sea-Ice Formation in the South-Western Weddell Sea with Seasonal Bottom-Water Outflow Data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 402-404, Firenze, Italy, July 10-14, 1995.

D. S. Early and D. G. Long, A Study of C-Band Azimuthal Modulation over Antarctic Sea Ice using ERS-1, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 638-640, Firenze, Italy, July 10-14, 1995.

D. G. Long, Enhanced Resolution ERS-1 Scatterometer Imaging of Southern Hemisphere Polar Ice, in Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Vol. 2, 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 52-55.

D. R. Daum, D. G. Long, and W. B. Davis, Reconstruction Enhanced Resolution Images from Spaceborne Microwave Sensors, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 2231-2233, Pasadena, California, August 8-12, 1994.

D. G. Long, D. S. Early, and M. R. Drinkwater, Enhanced Resolution ERS-1 Scatterometer Imaging of Southern Hemisphere Polar Ice, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 156-158, Pasadena, California, August 8-12, 1994.

D. S. Early, D. G. Long, and M. R. Drinkwater, Comparison of Enhanced Resolution Images of Greenland from the ERS-1 and Seasat Scatterometers, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 2382-2384, Pasadena, California, August 8-12, 1994.

M. R. Drinkwater, D. S. Early, and D. G. Long, ERS-1 Investigations of Southern Ocean Sea Ice Geophysics Using Combined Scatterometer and SAR Images, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 165-167, Pasadena, California, August 8-12, 1994.

P. Lecomte, A. Cananie, and F. Gohin, Recognition of sea ice zones using ERS-1 scatterometer data, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 855-857, 1993.

D. G. Long and D. Early, Sea Ice Observed at Enhanced Resolution by Spaceborne Scatterometers, Proceedings of Oceans'93, pp. I37-I42, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, 18-21 Oct. 1993.

D. G. Long and P. J. Hardin, Studies of Greenland Using the Seasat Scatterometer, in Ground Sensing, Hatem N. Nasr, ed., Proc. of SPIE 1941, pp. 247-253, Orlando, Florida, April 14, 1993.

D. G. Long, High Resolution Spaceborne Scatterometry, in Microwave Instrumentation for Remote Sensing of the Earth, James. C. Shiue, ed., Proc. SPIE 1935, pp. 17-27, Orlando, Florida, April 13-14, 1993.

D. G. Long and G. B. Skouson, Calibration of Spaceborne Scatterometers Using the Amazon Tropical Rainforest, in Microwave Instrumentation for Remote Sensing of the Earth, James. C. Shiue, ed., Proc. SPIE 1935, pp. 74-83, Orlando, Florida, April 13-14, 1993.

P. J. Hardin and D. G. Long, Reconstructed High-Resolution Scatterometer Data: A Comparison with AVHRR Vegetation Index Images for Regional-Scale Monitoring of Tropical Rain Forest, in Ground Sensing, Hatem N. Nasr, ed., Proceedings of SPIE 1941, pp. 247-253, Orlando, Florida, April 14, 1993.

P.J. Hardin and D. G. Long, Comparison of C-Band and Ku-Band Scatterometry for Medium-Resolution Tropical Forest Inventory, in Ground Sensing, Hatem N. Nasr, ed., Proc. SPIE 1941, pp. 221-228, Orlando, Florida, April 14, 1993.

P.J. Hardin and D. G. Long, Integration of SASS Ku-Band Imagery and AVHRR Imagery for Historical Tropical Forest Inventory, Proceedings of the Topical Symposium on Combined Optical-Microwave Earth and Atmospheric Sensing (COMEAS), Albeuquerque, New Mexico, March 22-25, pp. 232-235, 1993.

Lecomte, P, and E.P.W. Attema, Calibration and Validation of the ERS-1 Wind Scatterometer, Proc. First ERS-1 Symposium, 4-6 November, 1992, Cannes, France.

D. G. Long, P. T. Whiting, and P. Hardin, Hi-Resolution Land/Ice Imaging Using Seasat Scatterometer Measurements, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 440-442, Houston, Texas, May 26-29, 1992.

D. G. Long, R. Shaw, and P. Hardin, Greenland Observed at High Resolution by the Seasat Scatterometer, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 327-329, Houston, Texas, May 26-29, 1992.

P. Hardin and D. G. Long, Land Imaging with Reconstructed High Resolution Seasat-A Scatterometer Data: Amazon Experiment, Proceedings of the International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, pp. 992-995, Houston, Texas, May 26-29, 1992.

Drinkwater, M.R., and F.D. Carsey, Observations of the late-summer to fall transition with the 14.6 GHz SEASAT scatterometer, Proc. IGARSS '91 Symposium, Vol. 3, IEEE Catalog #CH2971-0, June 3-6, 1991, Espoo, Finland, 1597-1600, 1991.

 

Technical Reports (sorted by author)

Carl S. Benson, Stratographic Studies in the Snow and Firn of the Greenland Ice Sheet (80 MB pdf), Research Report 70, U.S. Army Snow Ice and Permafrost Rsearch Establishment, Corps of Engineers, July 1962.

Crapolicchio R., and P. Lecomte, The ERS Wind Scatterometer Mission: Routine Monitoring Activities and Results, ESA SP-424, ESA Publications Div., ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, p. 285-298, Nov. 1998.

Drinkwater, M. R., and D. G. Long, Seasat, ERS-1/2, and NSCAT scatterometer-observed changes on the large ice sheets, ESA SP-424, 91-96, 1998.

Lecomte, P., and W. Wagner, ERS Wind Scatterometer Commissioning and In-flight Calibration, ESA SP-424, ESA Publications Div., ESTEC, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, p. 261-270, Nov. 1998.

Wismann, V., K. Bohnke, A. Cavanie, R. Ezraty, F. Gohin, D. Hoekman, and I. Woodhouse, Land Surface Observations Using the ERS-1 Wind Scatterometer, ESA Final Report, Part II, No. 11103/94/NL/CN, 59pp., Dec. 1996